Pest: Nuisance Flies (compost & livestock pests)
The Control: Fly Parasites
Anywhere nuisance flies are breeding - in compost piles, manure, livestock bedding, etc., Fly Parasites go to work fast!
Application: Sprinkle Fly Parasites around areas where manure tends to build up, such as bedding areas, feeding areas, watering areas, & along fences. 15,000 treats several head of livestock, or numerous rabbits, chickens or other small animals. Apply at least once a month for continuing control. More often for severe problems or larger ranches. Our mix of parasite species controls most pest flies, including House, Stable, Face, Blow and Horn flies.
The housefly (Musca domestica) is a fly of the suborder Cyclorrhapha. It is believed to have evolved in the Cenozoic Era, possibly in the Middle East, and has spread all over the world as a commensal of humans. It is the most common fly species found in houses. Adults are gray to black, with four dark, longitudinal lines on the thorax, slightly hairy bodies, and a single pair of membranous wings. They have red eyes, set farther apart in the slightly larger female.
The female housefly usually mates only once and stores the sperm for later use. She lays batches of about 100 eggs on decaying organic matter such as food waste, carrion, or feces. These soon hatch into legless white larvae, known as maggots. After two to five days of development, these metamorphose into reddish-brown pupae, about 8 millimetres (3⁄8 inch) long. Adult flies normally live for two to four weeks, but can hibernate during the winter. The adults feed on a variety of liquid or semi-liquid substances, as well as solid materials which have been softened by their saliva. They can carry pathogens on their bodies and in their feces, contaminate food, and contribute to the transfer of food-borne illnesses, while, in numbers, they can be physically annoying. For these reasons, they are considered pests.
Stomoxys calcitrans is commonly called the stable fly, barn fly, biting house fly, dog fly, or power mower fly. Unlike most members of the family Muscidae, Stomoxys calcitrans ('sharp mouth' + 'kicking') and others of its genus suck blood from mammals. Now found worldwide, the species is considered to be of Eurasian origin.
The Calliphoridae (commonly known as blow flies, blow-flies, carrion flies, bluebottles, greenbottles, or cluster flies) are a family of insects in the order Diptera, with 1,200 known species. The maggot larvae, often used as fishing bait, are known as gentles. The family is known to be polyphyletic, but much remains disputed regarding proper treatment of the constituent taxa, some of which are occasionally accorded family status (e.g., Bengaliidae, Helicoboscidae, Polleniidae, and Rhiniidae).
The name blow fly comes from an older English term for meat that had eggs laid on it, which was said to be fly blown. The first known association of the term "blow" with flies appears in the plays of William Shakespeare: Love's Labour's Lost, The Tempest, and Antony and Cleopatra.
Musca autumnalis, the face fly or autumn housefly, is a pest of cattle and horses. The face fly is similar to the closely related housefly. Slightly larger, averaging about 7 – 8 mm long and grey in colour with four dark stripes on the thorax, with a grey-black patterned abdomen. Like many true flies, in the males, the eyes almost touch when viewed from above.
Haematobia irritans, the horn fly, is a small fly (about half the size of a common housefly) described by Linnaeus in 1758. It is of the genus Haematobia which is the European genus of bloodsucking flies. Haematobia irritans is a native of Europe but has been introduced to North America and is considered a potentially dangerous livestock pest. H. irritans is the smallest of the biting muscids, gray in color, approximately 3⁄16 in (4.0 mm) in length. Both the male and female have slender, black, piercing mouthparts which project forward from the bottom of the head. They often aggregate densely on cattle, each fly oriented with its head in the same direction as hair tips of that site on the host. Horn flies typically have eyes that are dark reddish brown.
This content is a Remix of content originally published at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Housefly, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stable_fly, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calliphoridae, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musca_autumnalis, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haematobia_irritans It is used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
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